Date Topic and Notes Homework Reading For This Class
Wed Sep 06 Welcome To Wonderland Some homeworks are posted.
Start early!
None! (First class.)
Mon Sep 11 Model Checking
SLAM Introduction
  1. Thomas Ball and Sriram Rajamani's The SLAM Project: Debugging System Software via Static Analysis
  2. Thomas Ball and Sriram Rajamani's Automatically Validating Temporal Safety Properties of Interfaces
  1. Ball et al.'s Automatic Predicate Abstraction of C Programs (most influential PLDI paper award)
Wed Sep 13 Program Verification Using Counterexample-Guided Abstraction Refinement Required:
  1. Henzinger et al.'s Lazy Abstraction
  1. Henzinger et al.'s Thread-modular Abstraction Refinement
Mon Sep 18 A Simple Imperative Language
Operational Semantics
HW 0 Due
  1. Winskel Chapter Two: Introduction to operational semantics
  2. Hoare's Hints On Programming Language Design (shorter than it looks)
  3. Spolsky's The Perils of JavaSchools
Wed Sep 20 Contextual Operational Semantics Required:
  1. Wegner's Programming Languages - The First 25 years
  1. Wirth's On the Design of Programming Languages (bonus points if you mistakenly choose this one just because it has the lowest page count)
  2. Nauer's Report on the algorithmic language ALGOL 60 (the language that Hoare said was an improvement not only on its predecessors but also on nearly all of its successors)
  3. Cobbe and Felleisen's Environmental acquisition revisited (recent paper -- POPL 2005, uses operational semantics on page 7, figure 11, just skim to that figure and see if you recognize it)
  4. Chen and Tarditi's A simple typed intermediate language for object-oriented languages (recent paper -- POPL 2005, uses operational semantics on page 9, figure 14, just skim to that and note the non-standard syntax -- but you should be able to interpret the (H; V ; x : t = v in e) rule, for example)
  5. Plotkin's A Structural Approach To Operational Semantics (basically a textbook, see chapter 2 for another take on what we're covering in class)
Mon Sep 25 Proof Techniques For Operational Semantics: Structural Induction HW 1 Due Required:
  1. Chapitre Trois De Winskel: Some principles of induction
  2. Wikipedia's Natural deduction, sections 1–5 and 8 (shows judgments and rules of inference for propositional logic; this provides another take on derivations)
  1. Phillip's Degrees of Interpretation (Philosophy of Science; relevant if you're interested in the basis of math or theory)
  1. Materials for discussion section (no need to look in advance)
Wed Sep 27 Automated Theorem Proving, DPLL and Simplex Required:
  1. Ganziner et al.'s DPLL(T): Fast Decision Procedures
  2. Wikipedia's Simplex Algorithm
  1. Materials for discussion section (no need to look in advance)
Mon Oct 02 Automated Theorem Proving, SMT, DPLL(T) and Proof Checking HW 2 Due Required:
  1. The Coq Proof Assistant Tutorial, up to and including Section 1.3.4
  1. Dawson Engler et al.'s Automatically Generating Malicious Disks Using Symbolic Execution (uses symex and theorem proving)
Wed Oct 04 Intro To Axiomatic Semantics Required:
  1. Winskel Capitolele sase-cinci pana la sase-sapte (6.5-6.7) si sapte-unu pana la sapte-trei (7.1-7.3): Completeness of the Hoare rules
  2. Hoare's Proof of a program: FIND
Mon Oct 09 Axiomatic Semantics 2:
With A Vengeance
Project Proposal Due
HW 3 Due (not accepted late)
  1. Winskel Chapters 7.4-7.6: Completeness of the Hoare Rules
  2. Dijkstra's Guarded Commands, Nondeterminancy and Formal Derivation of Programs
  1. Necula's Completeness of Axiomatic Semantics (using operational semantics)
Wed Oct 11 Symbolic Execution Required:
  1. Manuvir Das et al.'s ESP: path-sensitive program verification in polynomial time
  2. Buse and Weimer's Automatically Documenting Program Changes
Mon Oct 16
Fall Study Break
No Lecture — Fall Study Break (Oct 16) Optional:
  1. Austen's Pride and Prejudice
  2. Barzun's From Dawn To Decadence
  3. Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel
  4. Goldman's The Princess Bride
Wed Oct 18 Invariant Detection HW 4 Due Required:
  1. Ernst et al.'s Dynamically Discovering Likely Program Invariants To Support Program Evolution
  2. Nguyen et al.'s Using Dynamic Analysis to Discover Polynomial and Array Invariants
Mon Oct 23 Abstract Interpretation Required:
  1. Abramski's An introduction to abstract interpretation
  2. Thompson's Reflections on Trusting Trust
  1. Wikipedia's Abstract Interpretation
Wed Oct 25 Abstract Interpretation 2:
The Wrath of Cousot
  1. Cousot and Cousot's Abstract Interpretation
Mon Oct 30 Lambda Calculus And Functional Programming Required:
  1. Benjamin Pierce's Foundational Calculi for Programming Languages (pages 1-10)
Wed Nov 01 Lambda Two: Electric Boogaloo Required:
  1. Li & Zdancewic's Downgrading Policies and Relaxed Noninterference (only Section 4 is required; the paper describes secure information flow and non-interference using the lambda calculus)
Mon Nov 06 Simply-Typed Lambda Calculus
  1. Luca Cardelli's Type Systems
  2. Andrew Wright and Matthias Felleisen's A syntactic approach to type soundness (it's not as long as it looks)
Wed Nov 08 Monomorphic Type Systems HW 5 Due
Project Status Update Due
  1. Xavier Leroy's Formal Certification of a Compiler Back-end or: Programming a Compiler with a Proof Assistant
Mon Nov 13 Second-Order Types (Polymorphism) Required:
  1. Wikipedia's Subtype polymorphism
  2. Wikipedia's Liskov substitution principle
Wed Nov 15 Recursive Types and Subtyping Required:
  1. Wadler's Theorems for free!
Mon Nov 20 Dependant Types and Data Abstraction Required:
  1. Microsoft's Source Annotation Language (pay special attention to annotations describing field or structure sizes)
Wed Nov 22 Communication and Concurrency Required:
  1. Benjamin Pierce's Foundational Calculi for Programming Languages (this time, pages 10–end)
  1. Slides for Game Theory discussion (no need to look in advance)
Mon Nov 27 Designing and Presenting Programming Languages in the Broader Research Community: A Case Study of Three Domain-Specific Languages Languages (Kevin Angstadt)
Weimer at NSF Panel
  1. Angstadt et al.'s RAPID Programming of Pattern-Recognition Processors
  2. Ragan-Kelley et al.'s Decoupling Algorithms from Schedules for Easy Optimization of Image Processing Pipelines
  3. Hnat et al.'s MacroLab: A Vector-Based Macroprogramming Framework for Cyber-Physical Systems
Wed Nov 29 Fault Localization and Cooperative Bug Isolation Required:
  1. Liblit et al.'s Bug Isolation via Remote Program Sampling
  2. Jones and Harrold's Empirical evaluation of the Tarantula automatic fault-localization technique
Mon Dec 04 Automated Program Repair Required:
  1. Weimer et al.'s Automatically Finding Patches Using Genetic Programming
  2. Le Goues et al.'s A Systematic Study of Automated Program Repair: Fixing 55 out of 105 bugs for $8 Each
  1. Slides for Coq discussion (no need to look in advance)
Wed Dec 06 Program Repair "is" Program Reachability Required:
  1. Nguyen et al.'s Connecting Program Synthesis and Reachability: Automatic Program Repair using Test-Input Generation
  2. ibid., appendix (pp. 19-22) — read the full proofs
Mon Dec 11 Grad PL vs. the World Projects Due Optional, For Discussion:
  1. Floyd, Santander, and Weimer's Decoding the representation of code in the brain: An fMRI study of code review and expertise
  2. Weimer's Consciousness and Time as Research Problems