Patrick Beeson, Joseph Modayil, Benjamin Kuipers.
Factoring the mapping problem: Mobile robot map-building in the Hybrid Spatial Semantic Hierarchy
International Journal of Robotics Research 29(4): 428-459, 2010.
We propose a factored approach to mobile robot map-building that handles qualitatively different types of uncertainty by combining the strengths of topological and metrical approaches. Our framework is based on a computational model of the human cognitive map; thus it allows robust navigation and communication within several different spatial ontologies. This paper focuses exclusively on the issue of map-building using the framework.
Our approach factors the mapping problem into natural sub-goals: building a metrical representation for local small-scale spaces; finding a topological map that represents the qualitative structure of large-scale space; and (when necessary) constructing a metrical representation for large-scale space using the skeleton provided by the topological map. We describe how to abstract a symbolic description of the robot's immediate surround from local metrical models, how to combine these local symbolic models in order to build global symbolic models, and how to create a globally consistent metrical map from a topological skeleton by connecting local frames of reference.