Stella X. Yu : Papers / Google Scholar

Machine Learning-Based Regional Scale Intelligent Modeling of Building Information for Natural Hazard Risk Management
Chaofeng Wang and Qian Yu and Kincho H. Law and Frank McKenna and Stella X. Yu and Ertugrul Taciroglu and Adam Zsarnoczay and Wael Elhaddad and Barbaros Cetiner
Automation in Construction, 122(103474):1-14, 2021

The intensity of many natural hazards, such as hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, etc., are increasing as a consequence of climate change. This increase in intensity coupled with the increase in population density, particularly along the coasts, is only magnifying the impact of such events. In order to quantify and mitigate the risk due to the hazards and to prepare for the potential impacts in a region, it is necessary to collect the information of existing buildings that are pertinent to natural hazard analysis and risk management. Gathering the building information in a region- or city-scale is a laborious and expensive undertaking. This paper presents a framework for regional scale building information generation/gathering to support regional hazard analysis. In this framework, different types of data are acquired from multiple sources (satellite and street view images, property tax assessment data, etc.) and are fused to semantically profile each building in a city. Specifically, deep learning technique is employed to extract building information from street or satellite images. A novel data mining tool is developed to overcome the data scarcity issue, quantify the uncertainty and enrich the data repository. With this framework, building inventories of cities are created to provide the data needed for disaster and risk management planning and simulations.

machine learning, building information modeling, natural hazard risk management