Stella X. Yu : Papers / Google Scholar

Better than Real: Complex-valued Neural Networks for MRI Fingerprinting
Patrick Virtue and Stella X. Yu and Michael Lustig
International Conference on Image Processing, Beijing, China, 17-20 September 2017

The task of MRI fingerprinting is to identify tissue parameters from complex-valued MRI signals. The prevalent approach is dictionary based, where a test MRI signal is compared to stored MRI signals with known tissue parameters and the most similar signals and tissue parameters retrieved. Such an approach does not scale with the number of parameters and is rather slow when the tissue parameter space is large.

Our first novel contribution is to use deep learning as an efficient nonlinear inverse mapping approach. We generate synthetic (tissue, MRI) data from an MRI simulator, and use them to train a deep net to map the MRI signal to the tissue parameters directly. Our second novel contribution is to develop a complex-valued neural network with new cardioid activation functions. Our results demonstrate that complex-valued neural nets could be much more accurate than real-valued neural nets at complex-valued MRI fingerprinting.

MRI fingerprinting, complex-valued neural networks