Arthur F. Thurnau Professor

- E. Garmire, J. H. Marburger, S. D. Allen and H. G. Winful, "Transient response of hybrid bistable optical devices," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__34__, 374 (1979). - H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, "Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__35__, 376 (1979). - H. G. Winful and J. H. Marburger, "Hysteresis and optical bistability in degenerate four-wave mixing," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__36__, 613 (1980). - J. C. Diels, W. C. Wang and H. G. Winful, "Dynamics of the nonlinear four-wave mixing interaction," Appl. Phys. B.,
__26__, 105 (1981). - H. G. Winful, "Optical Bistability in periodic structures and in degenerate four-wave mixing,"
*Proceedings International Conference Excited States and Multiresonant Nonlinear Optical Processing in Solids*, Aussois, France, 1981. - H. G. Winful and M. Dagenais, "Excited states and multiresonant nonlinear optical processes in solids," Appl. Opt.,
__20__, 3599 (1981). - H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, "Self-pulsing and chaos in distributed feedback bistable optical devices," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__40__, 298 (1982). - H. G. Winful, "Nonlinear reflection in cholesteric liquid crystals: mirrorless optical bistability," Phys. Rev. Lett.,
__49__, 1179 (1982). - H. G. Winful and G. I. Stegeman, "Periodic structures for nonlinear guided-wave optics,"
*Proceedings of the NSF Grantee-User Meeting on Optical Communications Systems*, 212, 1983. - M. Dagenais and H. G. Winful, "Low power transverse optical bistability near bound excitons in cadmium sulfide," Appl. Phys.Lett.,
__44__, 574 (1984). - G. Cooperman, M. Dagenais and H. G. Winful, "Switching behavior of bistable resonators filled with two-level atoms," in
*Optical Bistability II*, C. M. Bowden, H. M. Gibbs, and S. L. McCall, eds. (Plenum Press, New York, 1984). - H. G. Winful, "Optical bistability in cholesteric liquid crystals," in
*Optical Bistability II*, C. M. Bowden, H. M. Gibbs, and S. L. McCall, eds. (Plenum Press, New York, 1984). - G. I. Stegeman, C. Liao and H. G. Winful, "Distributed feedback bistability in channel waveguides," in
*Optical Bistability II*, C. M. Bowden, H. M. Gibbs, and S. L. McCall, eds. (Plenum Press, New York, 1984). - M. Dagenais and H. G. Winful, "Low power optical bistability near bound excitons in cadmium sulfide," in
*Optical Bistability II*, C. M. Bowden, H. M. Gibbs, and S. L. McCall, eds. (Plenum Press, New York, 1984). - G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, and H. G. Winful, "Applications of guided waves to nonlinear optics," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London,
__A313__, 321 (1984). - W. M. Hetherington, C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, and H. G. Winful, "Nonlinear third order integrated optics," in
*Integrated Optics*, G.- P. Nolting and R. Ulrich, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985). - H. G. Winful, "Pulse compression in optical fiber filters," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__46__, 527 (1985). - H. G. Winful and G. I. Stegeman, "Applications of nonlinear periodic structures in guided wave optics," Proc. SPIE Int. Conf. on Integrated Opt., 517 (1985).
- C. Liao, G. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, R. Shoemaker, J. D. Valera, and H. G. Winful, "Nonlinear distributed waveguide couplers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A.,
__2__, 490 (1985). - H. G. Winful, "Self-induced polarization changes in birefringent optical fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__47__, 213 (1985). - H. G. Winful, Y. C. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Subharmonic bifurcations and irregular pulsing behavior of modulated semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__47__, 208 (1985). - C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, and H. G. Winful, "Nonlinear guided wave applications," Opt. Engin.,
__24__, 593 (1985). - M. Dagenais, A. Surkis, W. Sharfin, and H. G. Winful, "Intracavity optical bistability due to thermally induced changes in absorption and refraction," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,
__21__, 1458 (1985). - H. G. Winful and Y. C. Chen, "Effect of noise on the bifurcation to chaos in modulated diode lasers," in
*Optical Instabilities*, R. W. Boyd, M. G. Raymer, and L. M. Narducci, eds. (Cambridge University Press, 1985). - C. T. Seaton, G. I. Stegeman, and H. G. Winful, "Intensity-dependent guided wave phenomena," Proc. SPIE,
__578__, 143 (1985). - H. G. Winful, "Polarization instabilities in birefringent nonlinear media: application to fiber-optics devices," Opt. Lett.,
__11__, 33 (1986). - H. G. Winful, Y. C. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Frequency locking, quasiperiodicity, and chaos in modulated self-pulsing semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__48__, 616 (1986). - H. G. Winful, Y. C. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Quasiperiodic route to chaos in self-pulsing semiconductor lasers under large signal modulation," in
*Optical Bistability III*, H. M. Gibbs and N. Peyghambarian, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986). - H. G. Winful, "Polarization instabilities in birefringent nonlinear media," in
*Optical Bistability III,*H. M. Gibbs and N. Peyghambarian, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986). - H. G. Winful and A. Hu, "Intensity discrimination with twisted birefringent optical fibers," Opt. Lett.,
__11__, 668 (1986). - H. G. Winful, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in single mode fibers, " in
*Optical Fiber Transmission*, E. E. Basch, ed. (Howard Sams, Indianapolis, 1987). - J. E. Sipe and H. G. Winful, "Nonlinear Schroedinger solitons in a periodic structure," Opt. Lett.,
__13__, 132 (1988). - S. S. Wang and H. G. Winful, "Dynamics of phase-locked semiconductor laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__52__, 1774 (1988). - N. Yu, R. K. DeFreez, D. J. Bossert, R. A. Elliott, H. G. Winful, and D. F.Welch, "Observation of sustained self-pulsation in CW operated flared Y-coupled laser arrays," Electron. Lett.,
__24__, 1203 (1988). - L. G. Rahman and H. G. Winful, "Optical properties of a quasi-periodic sequence of directional couplers," Phys. Rev. A.,
__38__, 4935 (1988). - H. G. Winful and S. S. Wang, "Stability of phase locking in coupled semiconductor laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__53__, 1894 (1988). - R. K. DeFreez, D. J. Bossert, N. Yu, R. A. Elliott, and H. G. Winful, "Spectral and picosecond temporal properties of flared guide Y-coupled phase-locked laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__53__, 2380 (1988). - R. K. DeFreez, D. J. Bossert, N. Yu, J. M. Hunt, H. Ximen, R. A. Elliott, N. W. Carlson, M. Lurie, G. A. Evans, J. M. Hammer, D. P. Bour, S. L. Palrey, R. Amantea, H. G. Winful, and S. S. Wang, "Picosecond optical properties of a grating surface emitting two-dimensional coherent laser array," Photonics Tech. Lett.,
__1__, 209 (1989). - S. Feldman, D. Weinberger, and H. G. Winful, "Observation of polarization instabilities and modulational gain in a low-birefringence optical fiber," Opt. Lett.,
__15__, 311 (1990). - H. Winful and L. Rahman, "Synchronized chaos and spatiotemporal chaos in arrays of coupled lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett.,
__65__, 1575 (1990). - D. Liu and H. G. Winful, "Parametric solitons: nonlinear propagation of coherently coupled pulses generated through four- photon mixing," Opt. Lett.,
__16__, 67 (1991). - H. G. Winful, R. Zamir, and S. F. Feldman, "Modulational instability in nonlinear periodic structures: implications for gap solitons," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__58__, 1001 (1991). - G. Wilson, R. K. DeFreez, and H. G. Winful, "Modulation of twin-emitter semiconductor lasers beyond the frequency of relaxation oscillations," Opt. Comm.,
__82__, 293 (1991). - G. Wilson, R. K. DeFreez, and H. G. Winful, "Modulation of phased-array semiconductor lasers at K-band frequencies," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,
__27__, 1696 (1991). - H. G. Winful, "Instabilities and chaos in phase-locked semiconductor laser arrays," in
*Coherence and Quantum Optics VI*, J. Eberly, L. Mandel, E. Wolf, eds. (Plenum, NY, 1990). - N. Yu, R. K. DeFreez, D. J. Bossert, G. A. Wilson, R. A. Elliott, S. S. Wang, and H. G. Winful, "Spatiospectral and picosecond spatiotemporal properties of a broad area operating channeled-substrate-planar laser array," Appl. Opt.,
__30__, 2503 (1991). - P. K. Jakobsen, R. A. Indik, J. V. Moloney, A. C. Newell, H. G. Winful, and L. Rahman, "Diode-laser array modes: discrete and continuous models and their stability," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.,
__8__, 1674 (1991). - H. G. Winful, "Instability threshold for an array of coupled semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A.,
__46__, 6093 (1992). - H. G. Winful and D. T. Walton, "Passive mode locking through nonlinear coupling in a dual-core fiber laser," Opt. Lett.,
__17__, 1688 (1992). - H.G. Winful, S.S. Wang, R.K. Defreez, and N. Yu, "Spatiotemporal dyamics of semiconductor laser arrays," World Scientific Press, 1992.
- D. T. Nichols and H. G. Winful, "The effect of nonlinear gain on the stability of evanescently coupled semiconductor laser arrays," J. Appl. Phys.,
__73__, 459 (1993). - S. S. Wang and H. G. Winful, "Propagation model for the dynamics of gain-guided semiconductor laser arrays," J. Appl. Phys.,
__73__, 462 (1993). - L. Rahman and H. G. Winful, "Improved coupled-mode theory for the dynamics of semiconductor laser arrays," Opt. Lett.,
__18__, 128 (1993). - D. T. Walton and H. G. Winful, "Passive mode locking with an active nonlinear directional coupler: positive group velocity dispersion," Opt. Lett.,
__18__, 720 (1993). - S. Ramanujan and H. G. Winful, "Dynamics of resonant optical

waveguide semiconductor laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett.,__62__, 3226 (1993). - S. Feldman, D. A. Weinberger, and H. G. Winful, "Polarization instabilities in a twisted birefringent optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.,
__10__, 1191 (1993). - H. G. Winful, S. Allen, and L. Rahman, "On the validity of the coupled oscillator model for laser array dynamics," Opt. Lett.,
__18__, 1810 (1993). - H. Winful, "Nonlinear Dynmics of Semiconductor Laser Arrays," in
*Nonlinear Dynamics and Spatial Complexity in Optical Systems*, R. G. Harrison and J. S. Uppal, eds., SSUSP, (1993). - L. Rahman and H. G. Winful, "Dynamics of semiconductor laser arrays: a meanfield model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,
__30__, 1405, (1994). - S. F. Feldman, B. A. Moore, D. A. Weinberger, and H. G. Winful, "Additive pulse mode-locking using a birefringent optical fiber," Opt. Comm.,
__105__, 113 (1994). - S. Ramanujan, H. G. Winful, M. Felisky, R. DeFreez, D. Botez, M. Jansen, and P. Wiseman, "The temporal behavior of resonant-optical-waveguide phase-locked diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__64__, 827 (1994). - H. G. Winful and R. K. DeFreez, "Dynamics of coherent semiconductor laser arrays," in
*Semiconductor Laser Arrays*, D. Botez, ed. (Cambridge University Press, 1994). - S. Ramanujan and H. G. Winful, “Spontaneous Emission Induced Filamentation in Flared Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,
__32__, 784 (1996). - S. Ramanujan, G.P. Agrawal, J.M. Chwalek, and H. Winful, “Elliptical Polarization Emission from GaAlAs Laser Diodes in an External Cavity Configuration,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,
__32__, 213 (1996). - S. Ramanujan and H.G. Winful, “Operation and stability of antiguided flared amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__68__, 2472 (1996). - H. Liao and H. G. Winful, “Dynamics of distributed-feedback fiber lasers: effect of nonlinear refraction,” Opt. Lett.,
__21__, 471 (1996). - B. A. Malomed and H. G. Winful, “Stable solitons in two-component active systems,” Phys. Rev. E.,
__53__, 5365 (1996). - Y. H. Liao and H. G. WInful, "Extremely high frequency self-pulsations in chirped-grating distributed feedback semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__69__, 2989 (1996). - M. Krumpholz, H. G. Winful, and L. P. B. Katehi, "Nonlinear time-domain modeling by multiresolution time domain (MRTD)," IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Technol.,
__45__, 385 (1997). - S. Feng, H. G. Winful, and R. W. Hellwarth, "Gouy shift and temporal reshaping of focused single-cycle electromagnetic pulses," Opt. Lett.,
__23__, 385 (1998). - S. Feng, H. G. Winful, R. W. Hellwarth, “Spatiotemporal evolution of single-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. E.,
__59__, 4630-4649 (1999). - M. A. Franke and H. G. Winful, “All-optical switching in an angled-grating semiconductor Bragg amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,
__11__, 815-817 (1999). - S. Hunsche, S. Feng, H. G. Winful, A. Leitenstorfer, M. C. Nuss, and E. P. Ippen, “Spatiotemporal focusing of single-cycle light pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A.,
__16__, 2025-2028 (1999). - S. M. Feng and H. G. Winful, “Spatiotemporal transformation of isodiffracting ultrashort pulses by nondispersive quadratic phase media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A.,
__16__, 2500-2509 (1999). - A. B. Ruffin, J. V. Rudd, J. F. Whitaker, S. Feng, and H. G. Winful, “Direct observation of the Gouy phase shift with single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.,
__83__, 3410-3413 (1999). - S. M. Feng and H. G. Winful, “Spatiotemporal structure of isodiffracting ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. E.,
__61__, 862-873 (2000). - V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Nonlinear pulse switching using long-period fiber gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol.,
__18__, 329-333 (2000). - H. G. Winful and V. Perlin, “Raman gap solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.,
__84__, 3586-3589 (2000). - Y. S. Lee, T. Meade, V. Perlin, H. Winful, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Generation of narrow-band terahertz radiation via optical rectification of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,
__76__, 2505-2507 (2000). - S. M. Feng and H. G. Winful, “Cavity phase engineering for stable enhanced terahertz pulse trains,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A.,
__17__, 2096-2100 (2000). - V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Distributed feedback fiber Raman laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,
__37__, 38-47 (2001). - S. M. Feng and H. G. Winful, “Physical origin of the Gouy phase shift,” Opt. Lett.,
__26__, 485-487 (2001). - S. M. Feng and H. G. Winful, “ High-order transverse modes of ultrashort isodiffracting pulses – art. no. 046602,” Phys. Rev. E.,
__6304__, 6602-6611 (2001). - V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Nonlinear pulse switching using cross-phase modulation and fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,
__13__, 960-962 (2001). - V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Stimulated Raman scattering in nonlinear periodic structures – art. no. 043804,” Phys. Rev. A,
__6404__, 3804-3819 (2001). - V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “All-fiber wavelength conversion using cross-phase modulation and Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett.,
__14__, 176-178 (2002). - V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Optimal design of flat-gain wide-band fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.,
__20__, 250 (2002). - V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “On distributed Raman amplification for ultrabroad-band long-haul WDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.,
__20__, 409 (2002). - V. E. Perlin and H. G. Winful, “Optimizing the noise performance of broad-band WDM systems with distributed Raman amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,
__14__, 1199-1201 (2002). - H. G. Winful, “Energy storage in superluminal barrier tunneling: Origin of the “Hartman effect”, Opt. Express
__10__, 1491 (2002). - H. G. Winful, “Nature of superluminal barrier tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett.
__90__, 023901 (2003). - H. G. Winful, “Physical mechanism for apparent superluminality in barrier tunneling,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics in Quantum Electron.,
__9__, 17 (2003). - G. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and H. G. Winful, “Optimization of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers for pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 28, 546, (2003).
- H. G. Winful, “Mechanism for ‘superluminal’ tunneling,” Nature
__424,__638 (2003). - H. G. Winful, “Group delay, stored energy, and the tunneling of evanescent electromagnetic waves,” Phys. Rev. E,
__68__, 016615 (2003) - H. G. Winful, “Delay time and the Hartman effect in quantum tunneling” Phys. Rev. Lett.
__91__, 260401 (2003). - H. G. Winful and V. E. Perlin, “Raman gap solitons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” in
*Nonlinear Photonic Crystals*(Springer, Berlin, 2003) R. E. Slusher and B. J. Eggleton (eds.) pp. 61-71. - G. Q. Chang, A. Galvanauskas, H. G. Winful, and T. B. Norris, “Dependence of parabolic pulse amplification on stimulated Raman scattering and gain bandwidth,” Opt. Lett.
__29__, 2647 (2004). - H. G. Winful, M. Ngom, and N. Litchinitser, “Relation between quantum tunneling times for relativistic particles,” Phys. Rev. A
__70__, 052112 (2004). - R. S. Hegde and H. G. Winful, “Zero-n gap soliton,” Opt. Lett.
__30,__1852 (2005). - G. Q. Chang, H. G. Winful, A. Galvanauskas, and T. B. Norris, “Self-similar parabolic beam generation and propagation,” Phys. Rev. E
__72__, 016609 (2005). - R. S. Hegde and H. G. Winful, “Optical bistability in periodic nonlinear structures containing left handed materials,” Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett.
__46__, 528 (2005). - H. G. Winful, “Apparent superluminality and the generalized Hartman effect in double-barrier tunneling,” Phys. Rev. E
__72__, 046608 (2005). - J. Yang and H. G. Winful, “A generalized eikonal treatment of the Gouy phase shift,” Opt. Lett. 31, 104 (2006).
- G. Q. Chang, H. G. Winful, A. Galvanauskas, and T. Norris, “Incoherent self-similarities of the coupled amplified nonlinear Schrödinger equations,” Phys. Rev. E 73, 016616 (2006).
- H. G. Winful, “The meaning of group delay in barrier tunneling: a re-examination of superluminal group velocities, New J. Phys. 8, 101 (2006).
- H. G. Winful, “Tunneling time, the Hartman effect, and superluminality: a proposed resolution of an old paradox,” Phys. Rep. 436, 1 (2006).
- C. Xia, M. Kumar, M.-Y. Cheng, R. S. Hegde, M. N. Islam, A. Galvanauskas, H. G. Winful, F. L. Terry, Jr., M. J. Freeman, M. Poulain, and G. Mazé, “Power scalable mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in ZBLAN fluoride fibers with up to 1.3 watts time-averaged power,” Opt. Express,
__15__, 865 (2007). - S. Doiron, A. Hache, and H. G. Winful, “Direct space-time observation of pulse tunneling in and electromagnetic band gap,” Phys. Rev. A
**76**, 023823 (2007). - H. G. Winful, “Comment on ‘Alternative perspective on photonic tunneling’ and ‘Theoretical evidence for the superluminality of evanescent waves’, Phys. Rev. A
**76**, 057803 (2007). - T. W. Wu, L. Dong, and H. G. Winful, “Bend performance of leakage channel fibers,” Opt. Express, 16, 4278 (2008).
- H. G. Winful and C. Zhang, “Tunneling delay time in frustrated total internal reflection,” Phys. Rev. A (2009).
- L. Dong, TW Wu, H. G. Winful, “All-glass large-core leakage channel fibers,” IEEE J. Sel Top. In Quantum Electron. (2009)
- T. W. Wu, W. Z. Chang., A. Galvanauskas, and H. G. Winful, “Model for passive coherent beam combining in fiber laser arrays,’ Opt. Express, 17, 19509 (2009).
- W. Z. Chang, T. W. Wu, H. G. Winful, and A. Galvanauskas, “Array size scalability of passively coherently phased fiber laser arrays,” Opt. Express, 18, 9634 (2010).
- T. W. Wu, W. Z. Chang, A. Galvanauskas, and H. G. Winful “Dynamical, bidirectional model for coherent beam combining in passive coherent fiber laser arrays,” Opt. Express, 18, 25873 (2010).
- C. Zhang, W. Z. Chang, A. Galvanauskas, and H. G. Winful, “Simultaneous passive coherent beam combining and mode locking of fiber laser arrays,’ Opt. Express 20, 16245 (2012).
- H. Y. Yao, N. C. Chen, T. H. Chang, and H. G. Winful, “Frequency-dependent cavity lifetime and apparent superluminality in Fabry-Perot-like interferometers,” Phys. Rev. A,
**86**, 053832 (2012). - H. G. Winful, “Chirped Brillouin dynamic gratings for storing and compressing light,” Opt. Express, 21, 10039 (2013).
- H. G. Winful, “Model for distributed-feedback Brillouin lasers,” Opt. Express, 21, 16191 (2013).
- I. Kabakova, R. Pant, H. G. Winful, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide Brillouin lasers,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phenom. and Mat.,
**23**, 1450001 (2014). - S. Rimer, J. F. Alfaro, L. Stadler, C. Davis, and H. G. Winful, “Co-curricular programs in Liberia for student pipeline into engineering and agriculture,” Int. Jour. Engin. Edu.,
**30**, 1602 (2014). - S. Sivaramakrishnan, W. Z. Chang, A. Galvanauskas, and H. G. Winful, “Dynamics of passively phased ring oscillator fiber laser arrays,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.,
**51**, 1600209 (2015). - M. Dong and H. G. Winful, “Area dependence of chirped-pulse stimulated Brillouin scattering: Implications for stored light and dynamic gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2015).