Stephen C. Rand


Stephen C. Rand


Stephen C. Rand James Maxwell

Stephen C. Rand

Director, Center for Dynamic Magneto-Optics

University of Michigan
EECS Department
Electrical & Computer Engineering
3102 ERB I
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
Tel: (734) 763-6810

Research Publications

Lectures on Light: 2nd Edition



S.C. Rand and M. Bass (invited), "One Hundred Years of Laser Spectroscopy at the Optical Society of America", in Centennial History of the Optical Society of America, OSA Press, to be published.

M. Purcell, M. Kumar, S.C. Rand, and V. Lakshminarayanan, “Holographic imaging through
        a scattering medium by diffuser-aided statistical averaging”, J.O.S.A. A (submitted).
A. A. Fisher, E. F. C. Dreyer, A. Chakrabarty and S. C. Rand, “I. Experiments on Radiant Optical Magnetization in Solids”, Optics Express (to be published)

A. A. Fisher, E. F. C. Dreyer, A. Chakrabarty and S. C. Rand, “II. Theory of Induced Optical Magnetization”, Optics Express (to be published)

S.C. Rand, Lectures on Light:  The Density Matrix in Nonlinear and Quantum Optics, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2016.

(Invited) S.C. Rand, “Methods for Laser Cooling of Solids”, in Laser Cooling of Solids, Pan Stanford Publishing, Chapter 6 (2016).

S.C. Rand, “Expanding Technical Education in India”, Optics & Photonics News, June 2016, pp. 20-21.

Subhabrata Bera, Craig D. Nie, James A. Harrington, Theresa Chick, Ayan Chakrabarty, Stephen Trembath-Reichert, James Chapman, Stephen C. Rand, “Cladding single-crystal YAG fibers grown by laser-heated pedestal growth”, Proc. SPIE 9726, Solid State Lasers XXV: Technology and Devices, 97260 C (March 17, 2016);

M. Purcell, M. Kumar, and S.C. Rand, “Holographic imaging through a scattering medium by 
diffuser-assisted statistical averaging”, Proc. SPIE 9771, Practical Holography XXX: Materials
and Applications, 97710F (March 7, 2016);

(Invited) S.C. Rand,"One Hundred Years of Laser Spectroscopy at the Optical Society of America," online in Centennial History of OSA, 2015.

(Invited) M. Bass and S.C. Rand,"Linear and Nonlinear Laser Spectroscopy", in OSA Century of Optics, Optical Society of America, 2015, pp. 218-222.

Curtis Jin, Raj Rao Nadakuditi, Eric Michielssen, and Stephen C. Rand, “Backscatter analysis based algorithms for increasing transmission through highly scattering random media using phase-only-modulated wavefronts”, J.O.S.A. A31, 1788(2014). 

A.A. Fisher, E.F. Cloos, W.M. Fisher, and S.C. Rand, "Dynamic Symmetry-breaking in a Simple Quantum Model of Magneto-Electric Rectification, Optical Magnetization, and Harmonic Generation", Optics Express Vol. 22, No. 3, 2910  (2014).

Curtis Jin,* Raj Rao Nadakuditi, Eric Michielssen, and Stephen C. Rand, Iterative, backscatter analysis algorithms for increasing transmission and focusing light through highly scattering random media”, J.O.S.A. A30, 1592(2013).  (Highlighted by the editors of Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics)

S.C. Rand, "Raman Laser Cooling of Solids", J. of Luminescence 133, 10(2013).

S.C. Rand, "Raman Laser Cooling of Solids", Journal of Luminescence 133, 10-14(2012); doi:10.1016/j.jlumin.2012.01.019. PDF

C. Jin, R.R. Nadakuditi, E. Michielssen and S.C. Rand, "Iterative, backscatter-analysis algorithms for increasing transmission and focusing light through highly-scattering random media", J.O.S.A. A (2012). PDF

D.K. Wehe, S.C. Rand, B. Roe, and W.M. Fisher, "Energy Resolution Limits of Amplified Scintillators", Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 685, 22(2012). PDF

(Invited) S.C. Rand, "Laser Cooling of Solids by Stimulated Raman Scattering and Fluorescence", in Laser Refrigeration of Solids V, eds. R.I. Epstein and M. Sheik-Bahae, Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8275, 827509(2012).

W.M. Fisher and S.C. Rand, "Optically-induced Charge Separation and Terahertz Emission in Unbiased Dielectrics", J. Appl. Phys. 109, 064903 (2011). PDF Erratum PDF

S.C. Rand, "Transverse optical magnetism", Optics & Photonics News 21, 44(2010).

S.C. Rand, Lectures on Light:  The Density Matrix in Nonlinear and Quantum Optics, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2010.

R. M. Laine, S. Sulaiman, C. Brick, M. Roll, R. Tamaki, M. Z. Asuncion, M. Neurock, J.-S. Filhol, C.-Y. Lee, J. Zhang, T. Goodson III, M. Ronchi, M. Pizzotti, S. C. Rand, and Y. Li,  Synthesis and Photophysical Properties of Stilbeneoctasilsesquioxanes. Emission Behavior Coupled with Theoretical Modeling Studies Suggest a 3-D Excited State Involving the Silica Core, J. Am. Chem. Soc.132, 3708(2010).

W.M. Fisher and S.C. Rand, Light-induced Dynamics in an Oscillator Model with Magnetic Lorentz Forces, Phys. Rev. A 82, 013802 (2010).


W.M. Fisher and S.C. Rand, "Optically-induced Charge Separation and Terahertz Emission in Unbiased Dielectrics", J. Appl. Phys. 109, 064903 (2011). PDF Erratum PDF

S.C. Rand, "Transverse Optical Magnetism", Optics & Photonics News 21, 44(2010). PDF

R.M. Laine, S. Sulaiman, C. Brick, M. Roll, R. Tamaki, M. Asuncion, M. Neurock, J. Fihol, C-Y Lee, J. Zhang, T. Goodson, M. Ronchi, M. Pizzotti, S. Rand, Y. Li, "Synthesis and photophysical properties of Stilbeneoctasilsesquioxanes", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 3708(2010). PDF

S.C. Rand, Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2010. ISBN978-0-19-957487-2

W.M. Fisher and S.C. Rand, "Light-induced dynamics in an oscillator model with magnetic Lorentz forces", Phys. Rev. A 82, 013802(2010). PDF

W.M. Fisher and S.C. Rand, "Dependence of optically induced magnetism on molecular electronic structure", J. Lumin. 129, 1407-1409(2009). PDF

S.C. Rand, "Quantum Theory of Coherent Transverse Optical Magnetism", J.O.S.A. B26, B120(2009). PDF Erratum1 J.O.S.A. B27, 1983(2010). PDF Erratum2 PDF

S.C. Rand, W.M. Fisher, and S.L. Oliveira, "Optically induced magnetization in homogeneous, undoped dielectric media", J.O.S.A. B 25, 1106(2008). PDF Erratum J.O.S.A. B26, 1549(2009).

T.R. Hinklin, S.C. Rand, and R.M. Laine, "Transparent, Polycrystalline Upconverting Nanoceramics: Towards 3-D Displays", Adv. Mater. 20, 1-4(2008). PDF

S.C. Rand, S.L. Oliveira, L. A. Gmez, L. H. Acioli and C. B. de Arajo (invited), Optically-induced Magnetic Interactions in Nonlinear Optics, in Nonlinear Optics and Recent Advances in Optics, ed. H. Abdeldayem, Research Signpost Publishers, 2007.

L.P. Balogh, S.M. Redmond, P. Balogh, H. Tang, D.C. Martin, and S.C. Rand, "Self-assembly and optical properties of dendrimer nanocomposite multilayers", Macromolecular Bioscience 7, 1032-1046(2007).PDF

B. Li, T. Hinklin, R. Laine, and S.C. Rand, "Ultraviolet nanophosphors", J. Lumin. 122-123, 345 (2007). PDF

S.L. Oliveira and S.C. Rand, Intense Nonlinear Magnetic Dipole Radiation at Optical Frequencies: Molecular Scattering in a Dielectric Liquid, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 093901(2007). PDF

B. Li, T. Hinklin, R.M. Laine, and S.C. Rand, "Ultraviolet emission and Fano resonance in doped nano-alumina, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 053534(2007). PDF

B. Li and S.C. Rand, "Continuous-wave amplification and light storage in optically- and electrically-pumped random laser media", J.O.S.A. B 24, 799(2007). PDF

X. Ruan, S.C. Rand, and M. Kaviany, "Entropy and efficiency of laser cooling in solids", Physical Review B75, 214304(2007). PDF

.M. Redmond, S. Oliveira, and S.C. Rand, "Bistable emission of a blackbody radiator", Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5517(2004). PDF.

S.M. Redmond, S.C. Rand, X. Ruan, and M. Kaviany, "Multiple Scattering and nonlinear thermal emission of Yb3+,Er3+:Y2O3 nanopowders", J. Appl. Phys. 95, 4069(2004). PDF.

S.M. Redmond, S.L. Oliveira, G.L. Armstrong, H.-Y. Chan, E. Mattson, A. Mock, B. Li, J.R. Potts, S.C. Rand, J. Marchal, T. Hinklin, and R.M. Laine, "Electrical Generation of Stationary Light in Random Scattering Media",  Journal of the Optical Society of America B21, 214(2004). PDF.

Mark D. Savellano and Tayyaba Hasan, "Targeting cells that overexpress the epidermal growth factor receptor with PEGylated BPD vertoporfin photosensitizer immunoconjugates", Photophysics and Photobiology77(4), 431(2003).  PDF

S.C. Rand, "Bright Storage of Light", Optics and Photonics News, May 2003. PDF

S.M. Redmond and S.C. Rand, "Intrinsic Chromatic Switching of Visible Luminescence in Yb3+,Er3+:CsCdBr3", Optics Letters 28, 173(2003). PDF

B. Li, G. Williams, S.C. Rand, T. Hinklin and R.M. Laine, Continuous-wave ultraviolet laser action in strongly scattering Nd-doped alumina", Optics Letters (March 2002). PDF

G. Williams, B. Bayram, S.C. Rand, T. Hinklin, and R.M. Laine, "Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-doped dielectric nanophosphors", Physical Review A 65, 013807(2001). PDF

A. Kuditcher, B.G. Hoover, M.P. Hehlen, E.N. Leith, S.C. Rand, and M.P. Shih,  "Ultrafast, cross-correlated harmonic imaging through scattering media", Applied Optics 40, No. 1, 45(2001).  PDF

S.C. Rand, "Strong Localization of Light and Photonic Atoms", Can. J. Phys. 78, 625-637(2000). PDF

M.P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, A.L. Lenef, H. Ni, Q. Shu, S.C. Rand, J. Rai and S. Rai, "Non-radiative dynamics of avalanche upconversion in Tm:LiYF4", Physical Review B, Vol. 61, 1116(2000). PDF

A. Kuditcher, M.P. Hehlen, C.M. Florea, K.W. Winick, and S.C. Rand, "Intrinsic bistability of luminescence and stimulated emission in Yb- and Tm-doped glass", Physical Review Letters, Vol. 84, 1898(2000). PDF


Copyright notice:  PDF files available on this site are electronic reprints of papers published elsewhere in various journals and made available to us for personal use only by their respective publishers.  One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only.  Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in these papers for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of these papers is prohibited.

M.P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S.C. Rand, S.F. Luthi, "Site-selective, intrinsically-bistable luminescence of Yb3+ ion pairs in CsCdBr3", Physical Review Letters 82, 3050(1999).   PDF

A. Lenef and S.C. Rand, Phys. Rev. B 56, 4352 (1997).

M.P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S.C. Rand, and M.A. Tischler, "Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+", J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886 (1997). PDF

Q. Shu and S.C. Rand, "Critical Slowing Down and Dispersion of Avalanche Upconversion Dynamics, " Phys. Rev. B 55, 8776 (1997). PDF

Q. Shu, H. Ni, and S.C. Rand, "Nonlinear Dispersion of Avalanche Upconversions," Opt. Lett. 22, 13 (1997).  PDF

A. Lenef and S.C. Rand, "Electronic Structure of the NV Center in Diamond: Theory", Phys. Rev. B 53, 13441 (1996). PDF

A. Lenef, D. Redman, S. W. Brown, J. Shigley, E. Fritsch, and S. C. Rand, "Electronic Structure of the N-V Center in Diamond: Experiments," Phys. Rev. B 53, 13427 (1996).  PDF

M. Hehlen, H.Gudel, Q. Shu, and S.Rand, "Cooperative Optical Bistability in the Dimer System CsY2Br9:10%Yb3+", J. Chem. Phys. 104, 1232(1996). PDF

B. Dahan, J. Reichel, E. Peik, S. Rand, C. Salomon and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Raman Cooling of Cesium below 3 nK: New Approach inspired by Levy Flight Statistics", Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4575 (1995).  PDF

J. Reichel, B. Dahan, E. Peik, S. Rand, C. Salomon, "Advances in Sub-recoil Laser Cooling of Cesium: the Nanokelvin Regime", Laser Spectroscopy XII, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg (1995).

S.W. Brown and S.C. Rand "Polarized Luminescence Studies of the 738 nm defect in CVD diamond", J. Appl. Phys. 78, 4069(1995). PDF

A. Lenef, D. Kreysar, K. Obermyer and S.C. Rand, "Laser-induced Collisional Avalanche in Atomic Cesium", Phys. Rev. A 15, 1731(1995). PDF

S.V. Deshpande, E. Gulari, S.W. Brown and S.C. Rand, "Growth and Photoluminescence of SiNx Thin Films", J. Appl. Phys. 77, 6534 (1995). PDF

S. Guy, M.F. Joubert, B. Jacquier and S.C. Rand, "Conversion rouge/bleu par avalanche de photons dans an cristal de YAlO3 dope par thulium,  Ann. Phys.Fr. 20, 577 (1995).

C.H. Hong, D. Pavlidis, S.W. Brown and S.C. Rand, "Photoluminescence Investigation of Cubic GaN Grown by MOCVD on (100) GaAs", J. Appl. Phys. 77, 1705(1995).  PDF

C.A. Taylor, S.W. Brown, V. Subramanian, S. Kidner, S.C. Rand, and R. Clarke, "Observation of Near Bandgap Emission from Boron Nitride Films", Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1251(1994).  PDF

I. McMichael, R. Saxena, T.Y. Chang, Q. Shu, S.C. Rand, J. Chen and H. Tuller, "High Gain Nondegenerate Two-Wave Mixing in Cr:YALO3", Opt. Lett. 19, 1511(1994). PDF

M. Hehlen, H.U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai and S.Rand, "Cooperative Bistability in Dense, Excited Atomic Systems", Phys.Rev.Lett. 73, 1103(1994). PDF

A. Lenef and S.C. Rand, "Tunneling Dynamics of Squeezed States in a Potential Well", Phys. Rev. A 49, 32(1994).  PDF

S. C. Rand,  A. Lenef, and S. W. Brown, "Zeeman Coherence and Quantum Beats in Ultrafast Photon Echoes of N-V Centers in Diamond", J. Luminescence 60&61, 739(1994). PDF

P. Xie and S. C. Rand, "Nonlinear Dynamics of Cooperative Upconversion", J.O.S.A. B 11, 901(1994). PDF

S.C. Rand, "Diamond Lasers", in Properties and Growth of Diamond, ed. G. Davies, Institution of Electrical Engineers (Br.), EMIS Datareview Series, Vol.9, pp. 235-239(1994). PDF

P. Xie and S.C. Rand, "Continuous-wave, 4-fold Upconversion Laser", Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3125(1993).  PDF

F. Ramaz, F. Madeore, J.C. Vial, S.C. Rand, A. Hachimi and J. Margerie, "Pseudo-Stark Effect and Hole-burning Spectroscopy of the 590 nm Center in Na+:SrF2 Crystals", Phys. Rev. B47, 11670(1993). PDF

P. Xie and S.C. Rand, "Cw Mode-locked Visible Upconversion Laser", Opt. Lett. 17, 1116(1992). PDF

H. Ni and S.C. Rand, "Avalanche Phase Conjugation", Opt. Lett. 17, 1222(1992). PDF

P. Xie and S. C. Rand, "Visible Cooperative Upconversion Laser in Er:LiYF4," Opt. Lett. 17, 1198(1992) and erratum, P. Xie and S. C. Rand, Opt. Lett 17, 1822(1992). PDF

P. Xie and S. C. Rand, "Astigmatically-Compensated, High Gain Cooperative Upconversion Laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 3084(1992). PDF

D. Redman, Q. Shu, A. Lenef, and S. C. Rand, "Two-Beam Coupling by Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Diamond," Opt. Lett. 17, 175 (1992). PDF

D. Redman, Q. Shu, S. W. Brown, A. Lenef, Y. Liu, J. Whitaker, S. C. Rand, S. Satoh, K. Tsuji and S. Yazu, "Electronic Structure of N-V Centers and Terahertz Spectroscopy of Diamond," Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 242, 127 (1992). PDF

D. Redman, S. Brown and S. C. Rand, "Origin of Persistent Hole-Burning of N-V Centers in Diamond," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 768 (1992). PDF

D. Redman, S. Brown, R. Sands and S. C. Rand, "Spin Dynamics and Electronic States of N-V Centers in Diamond," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3420 (1991).  PDF

H. Ni and S. C. Rand, "Avalanche Upconversion in Tm:YALO," Opt. Lett. 16, 1424 (1991). PDF

P. Xie and S. C. Rand, "Continuous-Wave Trio Upconversion Laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1182 (1990).  PDF

P. Xie and S. C. Rand, "Continuous-Wave Pair-Pumped Laser," Opt. Lett. 15, 848 (1990). PDF